What are the Common Causes of Bone Pain in the Back?

Bone pain in the back can be a distressing and uncomfortable experience, and it often prompts concerns about the underlying cause. 

Understanding the common causes of this pain can help in identifying the issue and getting appropriate treatment with ortho care hospital Coimbatore. Here are some of the most common causes of bone pain in the back:

1. Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by weakened bones that are more susceptible to fractures and pain. As bones lose density, they become fragile and can easily break, even with minimal trauma. In the back, this often manifests as pain due to vertebral fractures, which can occur with activities that put strain on the spine.

2. Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that affects the cartilage between joints, including those in the spine. As the cartilage wears down over time, it can lead to bone-on-bone contact, causing pain and stiffness. This condition can particularly affect the lower back, resulting in discomfort and reduced mobility.

3. Spinal Fractures

Spinal fractures, often due to trauma or injury, can cause localized pain in the back. These fractures might result from accidents, falls, or even from conditions like osteoporosis that make the bones more fragile. The pain from spinal fractures can be acute and may be accompanied by difficulty moving. 

4. Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease involves the breakdown of the intervertebral discs, which are the cushions between the vertebrae of the spine. As these discs degenerate, they can cause bone pain in the back by reducing the cushioning effect, leading to increased stress on the vertebrae and surrounding tissues.

5. Bone Cancer

Bone cancer, though less common, can cause bone pain in the back. Primary bone cancer starts in the bones, while secondary bone cancer refers to cancer that has spread to the bones from other parts of the body. The pain from bone cancer may be persistent and can vary in intensity, often worsening over time.

6. Infections

Infections in the spine, such as osteomyelitis (infection of the bone) or discitis (infection of the disc space), can lead to bone pain in the back. These infections can cause inflammation, swelling, and pain in the affected area. Symptoms may be accompanied by fever and general malaise.

7. Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a condition where the spine curves sideways, which can sometimes cause discomfort or pain in the back. As the curvature of the spine becomes more pronounced, it can lead to uneven stress on the bones and muscles, resulting in pain.

8. Postural Issues

Poor posture, especially from prolonged sitting or improper lifting techniques, can contribute to bone pain in the back. Over time, poor posture can strain the spinal structures and muscles, leading to discomfort and pain.

9. Muscle Strain

While muscle strain itself is not a bone issue, it can often be mistaken for bone pain. Overuse, lifting heavy objects, or sudden movements can strain the muscles around the spine, causing pain that might be felt in the back.


Bone pain in the back can stem from a variety of conditions, ranging from degenerative diseases to infections and fractures. Identifying the exact cause is crucial for effective treatment and management. If you are experiencing persistent or severe back pain, it is important to consult a best ortho specialist in coimbatore to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate care. Early diagnosis and treatment can help alleviate pain and improve overall quality of life.